Penfolds Grange

Australian Wine Royalty

By: WineMarketDate: 21/07/2014

It’s true A-lister stuff. There aren’t many wines in existence that have reached the dizzying heights of status and collectability as Penfolds Grange. It’s undeniably the premier wine of Australia, commanding consistent praise for its quality as well as huge commercial interest due to its historic value. Grange prices today can reach up to $50,000 a bottle, far and away more than any other commercially produced Australian wine in history. And the legend of the stuff is still growing.

The History of Grange

Known until 1989 as “Penfolds Grange Hermitage” (the French made us change it), Australia’s most premium wine began as an experiment. More than sixty years ago, Max Schubert, the then young Chief Winemaker at Penfolds, set out to create an Australian version of the powerful, long-aging French reds that he had tasted in Bordeaux.

Beginning with the 1951 vintage, Schubert substituted the Bordeaux staple of Cabernet Sauvignon for South Australian Shiraz, and the tight, subtle French oak for thirsty, broader-grained American barrels. He wanted big fruit weight for an Aussie table wine that would be truly premium.

The result was a lusty, full-bodied and powerfully concentrated red that unfortunately, the Australian wine public was not quite ready for. In the early ‘50s, less than 10% of the Aussie market belonged to still table wines, with most drinkers preferring fortified styles. The table wines that were made were mostly lighter and less intensely flavoured, and this Penfolds Grange Hermitage was unlike anything produced in Australia before. But Grange was about to change the industry forever. Australia was about to begin its obsession with buying Penfolds Grange.

After the experimental ’51 vintage, Penfolds released Grange to the public beginning with the 1952 wine the next year, and it sold modestly until Penfolds instructed Schubert to cease production in 1957, due to sluggish sales and no real market buzz. But luckily for us, Mr Schubert wasn’t one for strictly worrying about what the bosses said.

So What is Grange?

Even after it was officially discontinued, Max Schubert continued producing Grange in secret, until Penfolds asked him to start again in 1960, when they realised how well the older vintages were aging. They were pleasantly surprised to learn that he’d never stopped making the stuff in the first place and it went straight back on the shelves. A great deal of Grange’s value comes from not only a lineage more than 60 years old, but also the fact that the line is unbroken, allowing for vertical tastings and year-to-year comparisons.

And as for the makeup of the wine itself? Grange is a multi-regional, South Australian Shiraz, made each year from a unique combination of fruit parcels grown on premium Penfolds sites across the state. The makers strive above all for consistency; ensuring that each vintage of Grange is instantly recognised by the educated drinker as the iconic house style.

The idea is that even in vintages that see extreme or unusual weather conditions over the growing months, Grange will be blended in such a way that it is not so much an expression of where its components were grown, but an expression of a long-standing tradition of taste and style.

Penfolds Grange Winemakers

Since Max Schubert first created Australia’s most famous wine back in ’51, only three others have been entrusted with continuing the unbroken streak of production.

Schubert made the wine himself until 1975, when the Chief Winemaker role was passed on to Don Ditter, then again in 1986 to John Duval, and finally to Penfolds’ current Chief Winemaker Peter Gago in 2002.

Even though the Penfolds brand has grown in leaps and bounds over the six decades of Grange’s existence, Peter Gago remains as hands-on as his predecessors, personally overseeing every bit of Grange’s long journey from vine to bottle.

A Penfolds man through and through, Gago graduated top of his class at Roseworthy, Australia’s top wine school, and has worked with the company ever since.

Grange- A Swag of Awards

Since the beginning, Grange has captivated professional tasters and customers alike, powering its way to the massive international cult status that it enjoys today.

On top of standout vintages such as the 1955, 1990 and 2008 winning praise from around the globe at the highest level, almost every new bottle of Grange has won impressive accolades in its own right. Countless medals, trophies, the highest classification from Langton’s, the list goes on.

Penfolds Grange prices have shot up, demand is through the roof, and it’s become every wine lover’s ambition to buy Penfolds Grange.

Penfolds Grange Vintage Overview

The exact amount of Grange produced each year is a closely guarded secret, with Penfolds having only ever disclosed the number of bottles released in the original 1951 vintage (only 100 cases). Production today is huge compared to those three pioneer barrels of ’51, but there’s little danger of a surplus any time soon. With each passing year the demand to buy Penfolds Grange increases as the world (particularly Asia in recent years) gets thirstier for the top Aussie drop.

While Grange is known for its extraordinary aging ability, very few of the early vintages are still in their drinking prime. Their value lies in their rarity, especially the so-called “Secret Granges”; those produced without the consent of Penfolds management. That being said, there are still some truly top-notch vintages from the early years that are still drinking well. These Granges are the stuff of dreams; some of the oldest, rarest wines on earth that haven’t turned to salad dressing. Continuing proof of the quality of Penfolds Grange.

The 1990 Grange

was the vintage to put not only the company, but all Australian reds on the map. Awarded the international title of “Red Wine of the Year” by Wine Spectator magazine in 1995, it was proof that Aussies could make world-class wines in a country about as far removed from the traditional home of the grape as geographically possible.

With the success of Grange came worldwide recognition of our entire industry. More Grange vintages followed, and Australia’s favourite Red grew in fame and popularity.

Most recently, the 2008 Grange

vintage was released with reviews rivalling the fame 1990, with both Wine Spectator and The Wine Advocate rating it 100 points- an extremely rare perfect score.

The 2009 Grange

packs slightly less of the powerful punch that many long-time fans have come to look for, but Penfolds Chief Winemaker Peter Gago predicts that many others will be drawn to the surprisingly complex tannin structure. And with the strong growing season that South Australia had again in 2010, the release of the

2010 Grange (in early 2015)

is sure to bring more praise to Australia’s most drinkable export.